In MS Outlook, you can create rules so different kinds of mail can go in different folders. Can you do the same thing in Gmail, so all your emails from a list go in a specific subfolder instead of your general inbox?
Yes. See the note on point 4 below.
From the Gmail help page on using filters.
Yes, first create label in settings and then you have to create filter.
select the mails and send that mails to that label.
This will surely work for you.