I have so many filters that I don't know which ones are making some emails skip the inbox. Is there a way to know the filters that match a given email?
The workaround I use to do this is to apply labels to filtered messages.
From Gmail >> Settings >> Filters you can edit the behavior of existing filters (or new ones) to include "Apply label", once you check that box you can assign an existing label to the filter or create a new one.
This way you can see what filters apply to a given email both inline when messages are listed (e.g. in the inbox) or from inside the email itself.
This solution doesn't provide an efficient way to solve your issue but it might still be helpful.
Go to the Filter page. Go to "Edit" for a specific filter and then you can see the emails that fall under that filter.