I'm writing a blog entry and I want to illustrate it with a minute-long clip from a movie. Not a hugely popular blockbuster movie, but one you've probably heard of.
I uploaded the minute long video to YouTube, great, but then within a few hours I got a copyright notice rejection, and the video is auto-blocked worldwide as a result of the copyright holder's chosen default policy. (I can still see it in my account, which is nice of them.)
I'm not trying to be some copyright infringing monster, and IANAL, but I believe it should be kinda within my rights of fair use to "quote" a one minute segment of a movie as part of a larger blog entry. Unfortunately, I don't think this is possible with YouTube because their copyright detection system has gotten scarily good:
- YouTube Copyright Policy: Video Identification Tool
- Fun with YouTube's Audio Content ID System
- How YouTube thinks about copyright (TED talk)
We compare each upload against all the reference files in our database. This heat map is going to show you how the brain of this system works.
Here we can see the reference file being compared to the user generated content. The system compares every moment of one to the other to see if there's a match. This means we can identify a match even if the copy uses just a portion of the original file, plays it in slow motion, and has degraded audio or video.
The scale and speed of this system is truly breathtaking -- we're not just talking about a few videos, we're talking about over 100 years of video every day between new uploads and the legacy scans we regularly do across all of the content on the site. And when we compare those 100 years of video, we're comparing it against millions of reference files in our database. It'd be like 36,000 people staring at 36,000 monitors each and every day without as much as a coffee break.
I highly recommend watching the TED talk.
Anyway, I realize that I have been profoundly thoroughly defeated -- my one minute clip of the movie, that I want to use as an illustration in a blog post, can't survive on YouTube with this particular copyright holder's global block policy in place.
So: where can I host a video of what I believe to be a fair use 1 minute excerpt of a movie, without it constantly being at risk of being pulled?