SpamCop uses the submitted reports to compile a DNSBL of computers sending spam called the "SpamCop Blocking List", (SCBL) and websites referenced in the spam are used to create the Spam URI Realtime Blocklists (SURBL) RHSBL.
There are basically three ways of reporting, for any of which one must be registered:
- copying the complete source code into a text area on the spamcop website,
- sending the spam messages as attachment to a personally specified spamcop email address for normal reporting,
- sending the spam messages as attachment to a personally specified spamcop email address for "quick reporting".
In the first two cases, email headers and bodies are automatically analyzed for the responsible IP addresses, the respective ISPs are found out and reports are created. For the reports to be sent, the user has to read and confirm them while logged in on the spamcop website. In the third case, the reports are sent without user reconfirmation. There is no analyzing of URLs / IP addresses in the message bodies - only the headers will be searched. With spam mails already stored in a special mail folder by the personal spam detection software, the time to report a batch of spam mails after check is reduced to some seconds. This option requires the user to have a certain history of flawless reporting.