I want to use the ARRAYFORMULA version of

=AVERAGE(Linda!B3, Nandi!B3, David!B3, Remmelt!B3)

I want the cell to calculate the average value of the entries in that cell from the other tabs (Linda, Nandi, David, Remmelt). I need to use AVERAGE and not just sum and division, because I need to deal with the fact that not everyone will enter values in all cells.

I tried using

=ARRAYFORMULA(AVERAGE(Linda!B3:B, Nandi!B3:B, David!B3:B, Remmelt!B3:B))

but then it average over all four columns, not just the four cells I want.

As far as I understand ARRAYFORMULA takes an input of type array and displays it over as many cells. So the problem comes down to making AVERAGE (or similar) output an array.

2 Answers 2


Aggregation functions like AVERAGE, SUM and other similar that get as parameters array of values and just return a single value are not able to return array of values by using ARRAYFORMULA.

One alternative is to use the arithmetic operators (+,-,/,*).

If it makes sense to assume that

  • all ranges are of the same size
  • there aren't blank cells between non-blank cells
  • blank cells at the bottom should be ignored

then the following formula could be used to calculate the average:


Some "statistical" and "math" type functions - AVERAGE, COUNT, MAX, MIN, SUM - have corresponding *IF and / or *IFS variants that, when combined with the INDEX function, seem to satisfy this sort of need.

For example, I have a sheet named monthly with dates in column A and dollar amounts in column B. I wanted to get the average of dollar amounts for rows where the date was in the year 2021.

Combining INDEX and AVERAGEIF worked for me ...

=INDEX(AVERAGEIF(YEAR(monthly!$A$2:$A), 2021, monthly!$B$2:$B))

Functions of this type include ...

Singular forms (*IF) match rows based on a single criterion. Plural forms (*IFS) match rows based on multiple criteria.

  • 1
    Are you saying that =INDEX(AVERAGEIF(YEAR(monthly!$A$2:$A), 2021, monthly!$B$2:$B)) works like an arrayformula?
    – Tedinoz
    Commented Apr 26, 2021 at 6:36
  • @Tedinoz, yep, it's true. But it's not like ARRAYFORMULA. Just the first argument of INDEX is iterable. And this works like ARRAYFORMULA.
    – oshliaer
    Commented May 31, 2021 at 2:03
  • 1
    @rh-becker it's doesn't work like expected.
    – oshliaer
    Commented May 31, 2021 at 2:07

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