In a Google Sheet I have the following formula:

=CONCATENATE(QUERY(Summary!I4:U200,"Select I,U where S='"&A3&"'"))

This currently returns each pair of results in sequence (with no spaces) and in a single cell, as in (assuming 3 results on sheet "Summary"):


But I would like the results returned separated, as in:

A1/B1, A2/B2, A3/B3

I tried using JOIN as in:

=JOIN(", ",(QUERY(Summary!I4:U200,"Select I,U where S='"&A3&"'")))

But this returns the following error:

JOIN range must be a single row or single column.

I tried exploring various solutions (e.g. using array formulas and also using SPLIT), but I can't get the result I want.


  • An array should work, can you try a text join and array instead?
    – Umar.H
    Oct 8 '18 at 7:36
  • Can you give an example formula?
    – J H
    Oct 8 '18 at 22:03


=ARRAYFORMULA(TEXTJOIN(" , ", TRUE,QUERY(A1:C4, "Select *"),0 ))

I'm not sure why JOIN doesn't work but I find TEXTJOIN works a little better.

  • @Datanovice.I hadn't thought of using TEXTJOIN. That gets me closer, but still not quite there.
    – J H
    Oct 9 '18 at 18:55
  • Meant to also add: The following (slightly modified from what you suggested): =ARRAYFORMULA(TEXTJOIN(", ", TRUE,QUERY(Sheet1!A1:E20,"Select B,C where A="&A2&""))) Returns each pair of (B & C) results in sequence separated by the TEXTJOIN specified delimiter (in this case a comma), but there is no delimiter to distinguish one pair from another, i.e. results show as: , ,A1,B1,A2,B2,A3,B3, Rather than (what I’d like): A1/B1, A2/B2, A3/B3 Also, note that curiously the results start with a pair of white spaces separated by a comma.
    – J H
    Oct 9 '18 at 19:06
  • Can you split A1B1 then reapply a new delimiter? Can you make a spreadsheet with your desired output? I'm having a hard time putting a picture to your issue!
    – Umar.H
    Oct 9 '18 at 19:47
  • =ARRAYFORMULA(TEXTJOIN(", ", TRUE,QUERY(Sheet1!A2:E20,"Select B,C where A='"&A2&"'")))
    – J H
    Oct 9 '18 at 21:14
  • Also... =ARRAYFORMULA(TEXTJOIN(", ", TRUE,QUERY(Sheet1!A2:E20,"Select B,C where A='"&A2&"'"))) Gives B1,C1,B2,C2,B3,C3, but I want B1/C1, B2/C2, B3/C3 (i.e. both collate and separate the query results and output to a single cell). Using TEXTJOIN gets closer (i.e. before I had C1B1C2B2C3B3), but the pairs are still not distinguished from one another. I don't know how to add a SPLIT function to the formula that would also split by every second delimiter. Example sheet I made to illustrate: docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/…
    – J H
    Oct 9 '18 at 21:21

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