In Google Docs, when I insert a table, there seem to be always a blank line above the table. See the screenshot below.
How do I prevent that?
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You can reduce the gap at the top of a table by placing the cursor above the table, and reducing the font size. I can't seem to reduce it below 6 points, and even this required me to type the number into the "Font size" box. However, it does at least move the table up a bit.
I had to do the same thing at the bottom of my table.
If anybody wants to log this with Google as a bug, then they could describe it as a serious bug in the conversion from docx to Google Docs format. It is serious because it does not seem to be possible to edit it out manually—at least not completely.
This behaviour is by design and as far I am aware cannot be changed via preferences etc.
You can submit suggestions to Google Docs if you feel that you have a good case for it to be changed.
Right now you can fully hide the line with font size 1 and custom line spacing .06, I visually verified that saving as PDF shows no whitespace at the top.
Also, in regards to not being able to insert text before the table, it is possible to get back to the invisible line using the left arrow key while inside the table.
Google is furtive about updates, so I'm not sure when this changed: I can now enter "1", although not zero, in the Google Docs Font Size box. That pretty much takes care of this issue.
The "Page Settings - Margins" and "View - Page View" settings may be germane, such as if you're coloring your page background for onscreen display.
Finally, if you're really obsessive, open "Format - Table - Table Properties" and set Cell Padding, which defaults to .069", to zero.
(Using Chrome version "75.0.3770.100 (Official Build) (64-bit)" on MacPro w/ High Sierra 10.13.6 and Calibri font)
There is only one method I found that works. It's pretty hacky, and only works for tables at the top of a page (from pages 2 and on).
First to show that it doesn't work for a table at the top of a document:
Notice the empty line (text added to make it clear there is an extra line there).
Next to show that it doesn't work with a page break inserted right before it:
And finally to show that it does work when you let the text flow to the next page:
So really there is a new line before that table, it just exists on the page before it, so you don't see it.
I've seen documents that had this behavior, and wanted to figure out how they worked, so I tried it out and found the above.
It's a very limited use-case, but if you really need this functionality too, then just add newlines above the table, until it's at the very top of the next page.