Google Sheets has a UNIQUE() function which when given a column of values, will output a column of all unique values.

This works well for column-specific data, however, you have multiple columns and rows of data that needs to be summarized, this won't work. This is because if you include a 2-dimensional range into UNIQUE() the end results are two dimensional, with only each column being summarized.

Is there a function or way to summarize all values across an entire 2-dimensional range?


I have a large list of businesses. Each column is a type of business, and each row contains values of business names. I need to create an end-list of all businesses that are provided throughout the entire source sheet. I don't need unique values per column. I need unique values across the entire document.

  • you can stack columns in array
    – user0
    Jan 14, 2019 at 19:11

3 Answers 3




 "select Col1 where Col1 is not null")))


  • This solution does not work for me. I only get the unique values from column A.
    – HaPsantran
    May 6, 2020 at 15:36
  • is there anything if I have 100 columns and don't want to add them all manually? A:A;B:B
    – Tobi
    Sep 16, 2020 at 10:21
  • @Tobi you may try =ARRAYFORMULA(FLATTEN(A:Z)) or if row order matters: =ARRAYFORMULA(TRANSPOSE(QUERY(TRANSPOSE(A:Z),,9^9)))
    – user0
    Sep 16, 2020 at 10:57
  • @user0 thanks =unique(ARRAYFORMULA(TRIM(TRANSPOSE(QUERY(TRANSPOSE(Main!C:Z),,9^9))))) works somehow... but its not splitting the columns/cells per row.
    – Tobi
    Sep 16, 2020 at 12:11
  • @Tobi can you share a copy of your sheet?
    – user0
    Sep 16, 2020 at 20:49

I think this will work and it worked for me.

  • 1
    That's such a better way to do it! this should be marked as the answer Jan 31, 2022 at 14:46

I think in your case, you may want to stack the columns vertically. You can do that by adding a semi-colon between them, like this:

 "select Col1 where Col1 is not null")))

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