Google Voice allows you to send text messages to/from an assigned local telephone number. Unfortunately, it's interface for doing so is rather poor in my opinion. Gmail has a much better interface for chatting and sending text messages.
Unfortunately, Gmail SMS sends messages from a California number instead of my local Google Voice number. It isn't a random number though; it appears to have used the same number for years now. For that reason, I'm unsure if Gmail doesn't support sending SMS text messages using my Google Voice number at all, or my much older Gmail SMS number is taking precedence for some reason.
Can Gmail send text messages using my Google Voice number?