I'm trying to clamp a value between a minimum and maximum value.

If this were a formula, I'd expect it's usage to be =CLAMP(value, min, max).

From what I know, there's two approaches, nether of which I like.

1) IF / ELSE

Use =IF(value<min, min, IF(value>max, max, value)). This is my current approach, but it has a huge downfall: the replication of value. In my use case, my value is not a short and sweet cell reference, it is instead a complex formula, which has nested "clamp" like features within it as well.

Because I want a single-cell solution, this requires that my formula be nearly 8,000 characters long. It could be made significantly shorter (about 9 times shorter in my case) without the replication of value.

2) MEDIAN I know of the Median Trick: =MEDIAN(value, min, max). Typically, this is what I use, but it too has a huge downfall: it doesn't play nice with Array Formulas (which I'm using).

All of my data is in a table. As such, everything is packed nicely in a grid. However, if you prompt the Median Function to find the Median of a grid, it will do just that, which isn't what I want.

Let's say that I wanted to add up the medians of three rows of data:

0 1 2 3 4
1 2 3 5 7
1 2 4 9 16

Now, I want the median of each row, individually:

0 1 2 3 4 -> 2
1 2 3 5 7 -> 3
1 2 4 9 16 -> 4

And I want to know their sum:

2 + 3 + 4 = 9

So I'll just use =ARRAYFORMULA(SUM(MEDIAN(A1:C5)), right? Wrong.

Instead, the median function returns 3, because that's the median of all 15 values. So clearly, that's not what I want.


I need an Array Formula-Safe method for clamping a value between a minimum and maximum without repeating the value, minimum, or maximum.

If you have a solution that does repeat, but it is better than the IF / ELSE option, I'm all ears. My minimum and maximum are just direct cell references, so repeating them wouldn't be as bad.

Note: I've tried doing this in Excel too, with no avail.


You can achieve the effect of CLAMP(value, min, max) with


which is compatible with ARRAYFORMULA and uses value only once. Explanation:

  1. SQRT(value-min)^2+min returns value if value>=min, and gives an error otherwise.
  2. IFERROR returns the first argument, unless an error occurred in it, which case it returns the second
  3. Thus, IFERROR(SQRT(value-min)^2+min,min) clamps the value from below by min.
  4. The other steps do a similar thing with max.

The above formula can be simplified, reducing the references to max and min from three to two of each:

  • Now that I've read this brilliant answer, of course it makes mathematical sense. I don't need to clamp to a max value, but I am using array formulas and wanted to clamp the lower bound to zero. So now I just have =ARRAYFORMULA(IFERROR(SQRT(value)^2,0)). Works exactly as needed without repeating myself, thanks! – monkey0506 Jan 12 '19 at 2:43

This can be done simply using MAX and MIN, and written in this way, min and max appear on either side of the value just like min < value < max.

=MAX(min, MIN(value, max))

Alt (to clump variables together for readability).

=MIN(MAX(min, value), max)
  • This is the perfect answer for the question stated in the title, which I think is what most of 1000+ visitors to this page are after. So +1 for that, even though your formula doesn't work for arrays. – user135384 Nov 28 '17 at 22:43

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