I would like to place some values in a table, given their row and column coordinates. Do I have to use a script or can I use a function?

On the image I swapped the x and y axis but I think you get the point.

sample data

  • Hello, could you post your custom script here? I would really appreciate it if you did! Thanks! – Choksiri P. Apr 11 '16 at 15:27

I could think of four approaches.

  1. Fill the sheet with single-cell vlookup formulas looking up values in that table for their row/column. Drawback: many lookups, most of which will be fruitless. The performance is likely to be poor.
  2. Try to do (1) with an arrayformula. Drawback: I don't see how to implement that purely in Sheets logic.
  3. Have a custom function returning an array. Drawback: a custom function can only return a rectangular array. The table would be non-editable directly, as an attempt to edit it would result in the output of custom function failing to expand.
  4. A script triggered from the menu. This is what I did below.

The script adds a menu command "write a table". To use it, first select the range and then invoke the command.

function onOpen() {
  var menu = [{name: "Write a table", functionName: "write"}];
  SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().addMenu("Custom", menu);

function write() {
  var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet();
  var inp = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveRange().getValues();
  for (var i = 0; i < inp.length; i++) {

Create crosstab report using an array formula

Use the following formulas:

Cell B8 : Column Headers


Cell A9 : Row Headers


CELL B9 : cross tabbed values



  • {A9:A11&B8:D8} creates an array of keys by joining the values of the X (row headers) and Y (column headers) columns.
    Note: As the first element is 3 X 1 array and the second is a 1 X 3 array, the result is a 3 X 3 array.

  • {A3:A5&B3:B5,C3:C5} creates an array having two columns. The first column holds the keys and the second the values.
    Note: In the concatenation, the first element is a 3 x 1 array and the second also is a 3 x 1 array so the result is a 3 x 1 array.

  • vlookup will return a value for each match and error for each cell without a match.

  • IFERROR will replace errors by empty values.
  • ArrayFormula extends the array of values to the required cells.

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