10

I'm trying to match certain text and then replace with the text plus some extra characters. Minimal example text:

#10 Oranges. These are citrus fruits

Desired output:

#10 Oranges. These are citrus fruits

Regex: (#\d{1,2}[^.]*\.)\s*

Replace with: $1\n

(I have Match using regular expressions checked)

The regex successfully matches #10 Oranges.. However the numbered backreference doesn't replace the text with the capture group but just goes in literally (literal output is $1\n). I have also tried using a backslash for the numbered backreference \1 and the result is the same.

Is there something I'm missing? How do I reinsert matched text in google docs using regular expressions?

3

Short answer

Instead of using the built-in find and replace function use Google Apps Script or an add-on.

Explanation

On the Find and Replace feature of Google Documents, the Replace part doesn't work with regular expressions and it doesn't work either with the replaceText() method from the Documents Service in Google Apps Script fortunately JavaScript replace method works.

To learn the very basics to create a simple script, see https://developers.google.com/apps-script/overview

Code

This code is an adaptation of the one included in the reference

function myFunction() {
  var body = DocumentApp.getActiveDocument().getBody();
  var paragraphs = body.getParagraphs();
  for (var i=0; i<paragraphs.length; i++) {
    var text = paragraphs[i].getText();
    paragraphs[i].replaceText(".*", 
       text.replace(/(\d{1,2}[^.]*\.)\s*/gi, '$1\n') );
  }
}

References

1

Little hacky, but it doesn't require an extra add on script and will likely cover 99% of your use cases. You can still use capture groups with RegexReplace and reference in the replace text with $1 or $2. Just split up your regex into two capture groups and concatenate with a random (infrequently used) character like ~. Then you can take the entire returned value from that and replace ~ with a newline:

=SUBSTITUTE(REGEXREPLACE(A1,"(#\d{1,2}[^.]*\.)(\s*)","$1~$2"),"~",CHAR(10))

screenshot

For more info on the regex syntax used in google sheets, see the re2 spec

  • the question is about Docs, not Sheets, as far as I understand. – törzsmókus May 6 at 9:04
1

As stated by user in the comments

Note: Capture groups only work with Google Sheets.

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